The universality of stratification does not mean it is necessarily beneficial or inevitable. There is in stratification systems artificial limits to the development of whatever potential skills there are in society. The hypothesis is an attempted explanation of social stratification , based on the idea of “functional necessity”. Davis and Moore argue that the most difficult jobs in any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them. Societies are stratified because inequality fulfills an important need of all social systems. Society must distribute its members among the various positions in society.
Once the roles are filled, the division of labour functions properly, based on the notion of organic solidarity advanced by Emile Durkheim. Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally. The hypothesis is an attempted explanation of social stratification , based on the idea of “functional necessity”. Hence, every society, no matter how simple or complex, must differentiate persons in terms of both prestige and esteem, and must therefore possess a certain amount of institutionalized inequality. High income, power, prestige of a particular position are due to functional importance or scarcity of trained personnel.
Societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts, and each part of a society significantly influences the others. The inequality of rewards corresponds to what Davis and Moore call functional importance of the position. Stratification is not positively functionally for a society–it is dysfunctional.
Society is seen as a self-regulating system and all of the constituent elements of a society must contribute to maintaining this state of harmony. Stratification, or unequal distribution of rewards ensures that the most talented thf trained individuals will fulfill the social roles of greatest importance.
The Functionalist View of Stratification:
Social positions have varying degrees of functional importance. Some rewards are not functionally determined at all, but rather must be understood within the context of wealth ownership and institution of inheritance. Davis and Moore state: The most important positions are rewarded the most–the least important are rewarded the least.
Dabis-moore a structural functionalist theory, it is also associated with Talcott Parsons and Robert K. Modern societies allocated their collective labor forces inefficiently, wasting talented but poor people in humble positions and suffering from the inept sons of the privileged in powerful positions. There must be rewards to provide inducements and those rewards must be distributed unequally to assure that all positions get filled. People have to be motivated to fill certain positions and perform meritoceacy duties.
Class itself can be though of as tyesis a set of life chances and obstacles to social mobility. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
These critics have suggested that structural inequality inherited meditocracy, family power, etc. The tendency of society is toward stability, harmony, or equilibrium, in other words toward balance.
Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally. Scarcity of talent is not an adequate explanation of stratification.
So, inequality is universal. Davis and Moore argue that the most difficult disxuss in any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them. Inept progeny of rich tycoons took over companies while intelligent children of workers went uneducated.
For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc. The Functionalist View of Stratification: Moore in a paper published in Not all positions are equally pleasant, equally importantor equal in terms of required talent and ability.
Davis and Moore argue like this: Societies are stratified because inequality fulfills an important need of all social systems.
The distribution of positions cannot be understood merely by achievement but achievement itself is conditioned by ascription of status. The universality of stratification does not mean it is necessarily beneficial or stratificatiin. Just because stratification is universal does not mean it is a vital aspect or system need of society.
Retrieved from ” https: Criticism of the Davis-Moore Thesis: Talented and trained individuals are scarce because acquisition of training and skills requires people to be sufficiently motivated to pursue them.
This is accomplished through the unequal distribution of rewards.